Lesson Plan

Lesson 3: Theme Analysis in A Christmas Carol

A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens
Photo caption

A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens. Title page of the first edition, 1843.

The experience of the three visions in A Christmas Carol causes such a great change in Scrooge’s thoughts and behavior that he is no longer a “Bah, humbug” man. Unlike earlier staves, stave 5 is full of laughter and happiness. In his brief preface, Dickens states that he wanted to raise an “Idea.” In other words, he had a clear theme or themes in mind. This lesson leads students beyond a summary and discussion of characters and events to an understanding of the major themes of the novel. 

Guiding Questions

What does A Christmas Carol teach us about life and humanity?

How does Dickens use symbolism throughout A Christmas Carol?

Learning Objectives

Distinguish plot summary from theme articulation.

Analyze themes in A Christmas Carol.