Lesson 3: Faulkner's As I Lay Dying: Crossing the River
The novel's title—As I Lay Dying—invokes a first-person speaker, presumably the voice of the dead mother, Addie Bundren. Yet she only speaks once in the novel, and she is dead, not dying, throughout most of the novel (aside from the beginning chapters). How does Faulkner's form for the novel—a series of competing voices and perspectives presented as a multiple-voice narrative—work for or against the novel's title?
How is the river crossing significant to each of the characters involved?
How does the description of the river and the crossing relate to the method of narration?
Analyze the use of symbolism in relation to narrative voice.
Examine the use of multiple voices in narration.