Media Resource

White American Keywords for Chronicling America

Girl reading newspaper in restaurant bar, Tower, Minnesota
Photo caption

Girl reading newspaper in restaurant bar, Tower, Minnesota

LC-USF33-011292-M5 (b&w film nitrate neg.) LC-DIG-fsa-8a22095 (digital file from original neg.), Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, DC 20540 USA.

This resource is part of EDSITEment’s Race and Ethnicity Keyword Thesaurus for Chronicling America. Here you will find historically accurate keywords that may help in using the Chronicling America historic newspaper database to research topics in White American history.  

We also offer a comprehensive introduction to working with historic newspapers in our teacher’s guide Chronicling America: History’s First Draft

Anglo

Related Terms: Caucasian, White 

Definitions: This term refers to someone who is of English or other white European descent and who speaks English. 

Contextual Considerations, or "How this Term was Used": In comparison to Spanish-speaking Americans, this term describes someone who speaks English, and it is used particularly in Texas and in the Southwest. Anglo America also designates the difference between Canada and the U.S., where English is spoken, and Central and South America where Spanish is the more prevalent language. 

Examples from Chronicling America

Navajo Times (Window Rock, Ariz.), 04 July 1963. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. 

"Anglo" in Newspaper

Evening Star (Washington, D.C.), 31 Aug. 1953. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

"Anglo" in Newspaper

OCR Considerations, or "How the Computer Sees it":

"Angto" in The Breckenridge News (Cloverport, Ky.), 10 Feb. 1915. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

"Angto" in Newspaper
"Angto" in Newspaper Text

"Anplo" in The Independent (Honolulu, H.I.), 04 May 1899. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. 

"Anplo" in Newspaper
"Anplo" in Newspaper Text
Caucasian

Related Terms: White, Anglo 

Definitions: This term denotes a person of European descent and “refers to whose skin is white and therefore assumed by “racial scientists” to be of the “white race.”   

Contextual Considerations, or "How this Term was Used": In the late eighteenth century, German anthropologist Johann Friedrich Blumenbach declared that anyone descendant of the European continent, from Russia to regions of North Africa, were members of the Caucasian, or white, race. A “racial scientist,” Blumenbach chose this term based on what he deemed were the “best” skull-shapes, most of which came from the Caucasus region between the Black and Caspian Seas. 

Examples from Chronicling America

The Caucasian (Clinton, N.C.), 27 Dec. 1894. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. 

Caucasian Masthead

The Voice of Freedom (Montpelier, Vt.), 23 May 1844. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. 

"Caucasian" in Newspaper

OCR Considerations, or "How the Computer Sees it":

“Caucaslan” in The Honolulu Republican (Honolulu, T.H.), 22 July 1900. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.

"Caucaslan" in Newspaper

“Cauoasian” in The Evening Telegraph (Philadelphia [Pa.]), 05 Nov. 1870. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress. 

“Cauoasian” in Newspaper
“Cauoasian” in Newspaper Text