Fables and Trickster Tales Around the World
Fables and trickster stories are short narratives that use animal characters with human features to convey folk wisdom and to help us understand human nature and human behavior. These stories were originally passed down through oral tradition and were eventually written down. The legendary figure Aesop was reported to have orally passed on his animal fables, which have been linked to earlier beast tales from India and were later written down by the Greeks and Romans. Ananse trickster tales derive from the Asante people of Ghana and were brought by African slaves to the Caribbean and parts of the U.S. These tales developed into Brer Rabbit stories and were written down in the 19th century in the American South.
The following lessons introduce children to folk tales through a literary approach that emphasizes genre categories and definitions. In this unit, students will become familiar with fables and trickster tales from different cultural traditions and will see how stories change when transferred orally between generations and cultures. They will learn how both fables and trickster tales use various animals in different ways to portray human strengths and weaknesses in order to pass down wisdom from one generation to the next.
This unit is related to the lesson Aesop and Ananse: Animal Fables and Trickster Tales, which provides the same background information for the teacher with different activities appropriate for students in grades K-2. Please note that different versions of spellings of “Ananse” and “Anansi,” and of “Asante,” “Ashante,” and “Ashanti” exist.
What is a fable, and how are fables different from other types of stories?
What is a trickster tale, and how is it different from other types of tales and from fables?
How have fables and trickster tales been passed down through time and around the world?
Which human qualities have been associated with different animals? Why do fables and trickster tales use animals to point out complexities in human nature and feelings?
What kinds of wisdom about human nature and human behavior do we learn from fables, and how is this wisdom relevant today?
Identify the definition and understand elements of fables and trickster stories
Recognize Aesop's fables, Ananse spider stories, and related tales from various cultures
List human traits associated with particular animals in fables and trickster stories
Identify the specific narrative and thematic patterns that occur in many fables across cultures
Compare and contrast themes of fables and trickster tales from different cultures
Explain how fables and trickster tales are used in different cultural contexts to point out human strengths and weaknesses
Differentiate between the cautionary lessons and morals of fables and the celebration of the wiles and wit of the underdog in trickster stories