England declares war on France beginning the conflict known as either Seven Years War or French and Indian War
Lesson 1: What Are the Qualities of a Good Military Leader?
George Washington's early military career (1754–1758)—during the Seven Years' War—was not uniformly successful. In his first battle, he and his men were ambushed and forced to surrender Fort Necessity on the Pennsylvania frontier. Washington's reputation for leadership and courage was based on his actions in another defeat at the hands of the French. In that battle, at Fort Duquesne (1755, often called the "Battle of the Wilderness" or "Braddock's Defeat"), Washington had two horses shot from under him and eventually had to assume command from the mortally wounded General Edward Braddock. Washington led the surviving British and Colonial soldiers on a successful retreat.
Later (1775–1783), Washington would lead the Patriots to a surprising victory over Great Britain, "the best-trained, best-equipped fighting force in the Western world. … Although he lost most of his battles with the British, year after year he held his ragtag, hungry army together"—from the EDSITEment resource The American President.
What combination of experience, strategy, and personal characteristics enabled Washington to succeed as a military leader?
List qualities they believe made George Washington an effective military leader.
List some practical lessons Washington may have learned from his early military experiences.
Discuss some difficulties Washington faced as Commander-in-Chief.
Discuss how Washington responded to the difficulties he faced as the leader of the Continental Army.
Give examples of Washington's leadership during one or more Revolutionary War battles.
Summarize briefly the Newburgh Conspiracy.
Describe Washington's response to the Newburgh Conspiracy.
What qualities made George Washington an effective military leader?
How were the responsibilities of the Commander-in-Chief affected by conditions during the Revolutionary War?
History & Social Studies
A Trip to Wonderland: The Nursery ‘Alice’
Let your students tumble down the rabbit hole into Wonderland, where their imaginations will soar to new heights. From Lewis Carroll to Dr. Seuss, from fantastic creatures to funny foods, these activities are bound to excite and delight. This lesson plan explores elements of wonder, distortion, fantasy, and whimsy in The Nursery "Alice," Lewis Carroll's adaptation for younger readers of his beloved classic Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. After exploring their concepts about Wonderland, students listen to the opening chapters of the story and view Sir John Tenniel's illustrations from the original edition. Using images of "big" and "small" from Alice's experiences, students develop these concepts in their own drawings. Students then compare Carroll's fantastic animals with creatures from other children's stories and use computers to craft images of their own fantasy creatures.
Recount principle plot points from the story after listening to a young readers' version of Lewis Carroll's classic text Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
Describe and understand fantastic imagery, both visual and textual, in various works of children's literature
Understand how size affects a person or creature’s interaction with their environment
Use the work of published illustrators and authors as inspiration for their own visual arts and poetry
What is Wonderland and how is it different from everyday life?
How can we enter our own Wonderlands through reading, drawing, and writing?