Reference Shelf

Electronic Citations

Researchers using information gathered on the Internet must cite their sources just as they would cite conventional sources in traditional research. Citation standards have been developed for electronic information based on the American Psychological Association, Modern Language Association, the Chicago Manual of Style conventions, and more. For a more comprehensive overview of documenting electronic sources, see Purdue University, Owl Online Writing Lab, Documenting Sources.

Citation Resources

The following web sites provide helpful guidelines on citing electronic resources.


Abraham Lincoln’s letter to Horace Greely: “My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union”