Marcus Aurelius, Roman emperor and author of Meditations, is born

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April 26, 121

Rome founded

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Repeats every year until Sat Apr 21 2035 .
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April 21, 753 BCE
Minoan prince on mural painting

Was This Atlantis?

The PBS series Secrets of the Dead aired "Sinking Atlantis," about the Minoan civilization that is the original source of the Atlantis legend. One theory is that the final blow to a declining Minoan civilization was a volcanic eruption, as happened with Roman Pompeii. EDSITEment has a lesson plan on Pompeii, and another one on Greek Mythology, a period contemporaneous with the Minoans. Study other Minoan contemporaries with the lesson plans on Egypt’s Pyramids, and Ancient Mesopotamia, and view Minoan artifacts from the EDSITEment-reviewed Timeline of Art History.

Gold head dress

Afghanistan: Hidden Treasures from the National Museum, Kabul

The nearly 230 artifacts in this exhibit were thought to be lost forever, casualties of the years of warfare, looting and destruction that followed the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 and the rise of the Taliban in 1996. Instead most of them had been secretly hidden in crates in the Central Bank within the presidential palace in Kabul.

The Birth of Cuneiform Writing


You are about to travel a timeline in Ancient Mesopotamia, and learn about the birth of writing.

  • Lesson 4: The Phoenicians, the Greeks, the Romans, and Us

    Created May 9, 2007
    The history of the development of the Western world's alphabets is long and  colorful.

    The purpose of this lesson is to consolidate the knowledge gained in the three previous lessons: Lesson One: The Phoenicians and the Beginnings of the Alphabet Lesson Two: The Greek Alphabet: more familiar than you think! Lesson Three: The Alphabet: The Roman Alphabet is our Alphabet

  • Lesson 3: The Roman Alphabet is our Alphabet

    The Romans used the first version of the modern western alphabet.

    The Romans developed the alphabet we still use today. In this lesson we will introduce the Romans and ask how their alphabet got to us.

  • Lesson 2: The Greek Alphabet: more familiar than you think!

    "Omega" is the last letter in the Greek alphabet.

    This lesson is about the Greeks, who inherited the alphabet invented by the Phoenicians, and used it to write their great literature.

  • Lesson 1: The Phoenicians and the Beginnings of the Alphabet

    "Aleph," the first letter in the Phoenician alphabet

    This lesson is about the Phoenicians, who invented the alphabet inherited by the Greeks, Romans, and eventually, us.

  • The Olympic Medal: It's All Greek to Us!

    Myron's Discobolus

    Students are bound to be curious to know what all that Greek writing means. This lesson plan uses an EDSITEment created Greek alphabet animationto help students "decode" the inscription on the Olympic medal. Because the Olympic medal is both a familiar and mysterious object for students, it presents an ideal prompt to build basic literacy in the Greek alphabet. Thus, this lesson uses the Athens 2004 medal inscription as an elementary "text" to help students practice reading Greek and to help reinforce the link between ancient Greek culture and the Olympic games.