El Grito de Delores and Cinco de Mayo are Mexican holidays. Both commemorate battles fought by the Mexican people in the nineteenth century against European colonizers. El Grito de Delores, Mexico's Independence Day, commemorates the beginning of Mexico's war for independence against the Spanish in September, 1810. Cinco de Mayo celebrates the Mexican victory in the Battle of Puebla against the French in May of 1862.
Visit the following websites to learn more about the historical background for these two important Mexican national holidays.
Now look at these photographs taken during the centennial celebration of Mexican Independence September, 1910, and answer the discussion questions after each photograph. Then answer the questions about El Grito de Dolores and Cinco de Mayo.
Leading the Independence Day Parade, Mexico City (September, 1910)
Indian Parade, Mexico City (September, 1910)
Emperor Montezuma, Mexico City (September, 1910)
Centenary Celebration, Mexico City (September, 1910)
The story of Dia de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe, celebrated on December 12th, recounts the moment in the history of Mexico and the Roman Catholic Church when the Catholic faith entered into the hearts of the Mexican people. Learn more about this holiday by visiting the Our Lady of Guadalupe: Patroness of the Americas website. Be sure to look at the following links very carefully before you answer the discussion questions.
El Dia De Los Muertos, celebrated on November 1st and 2nd, All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day, can be compared in some of its aspects to the American celebration of Halloween, or All Hallows’ Eve. But there are some distinctive differences in the practices and customs of the Mexican holiday, which continues customs dating back before the coming of Europeans and Christianity. Visit the following websites to learn more about some of the fascinating traditions associated with celebrations of the Day of the Dead.
After you've learned more about the way Mexicans celebrate the Days of the Dead, look at the following resources and create your very own decorations and offerings for an altar to the dead. You will be able to even create interactively your own altar for the dead. You can then proceed to answer the questions about El Dia de los Muertos.