LaunchPad: Joan of Arc

Witnesses to Joan of Arc and the Hundred Years’ War

Group 1 | Group 2

Group I: Testimony from Joan of Arc’s Condemnation Trial

How do firsthand accounts reflect on Joan of Arc’s role in the Hundred Years’ War and her posthumous rehabilitation?

  • The English View of Joan’s Childhood: From the Act Of Accusation Prepared By The Promoter:
    ARTICLE 4, ARTICLE 5

    Third Public Examination starting with the words, "In your youth, did you play . . ." This excerpt can serve as a companion piece to Jean Morel of Greux, laborer
  • ARTICLE 17, ARTICLE 18
    Fourth Public Examination starting with the words "When you were at Orleans. . ."
    This excerpt can serve as a companion piece to those about Joan at Orleans.
  • ARTICLE 12, ARTICLE 13, ARTICLE 14, ARTICLE 15
    Fourth Public Examination from the words, "Was it God who prescribed to you the dress of a man?" to "I have done nothing in the world but by the order of God." This excerpt can serve as a companion piece to those about Joan and Men’s Clothing
  • Joan’s Voices — ARTICLE 10
    Third Public Examination starting with the words, "How long is it since you heard your Voices?" and ending just before the words, "In your youth, did you play. . ."
  • What does this excerpt tell us about the events that the speaker witnessed?
  • What does it tell us about Joan’s actions and behavior during these events?
  • What does the testimony tell us about the person giving the evidence?
  • What does the excerpt convey about the speaker’s point of view and motivations? Is this person a supporter or an opponent of Joan?
  • If you did not know which trial this evidence came from, would you think this came from Joan’s trial for heresy or the subsequent nullification trial? Why?
  • What does this excerpt tell us about Joan’s motivations?
  • What can we learn from this excerpt about her goals?
  • What does this testimony tell us about her strengths? Weaknesses?

Explain how you came to your conclusions. You should also think about the following questions while reading these excerpts:

  • What evidence from the excerpts tends to support the thesis that Joan was guilty of heresy?
  • What potential bias in the excerpts should be noted?
  • For which questions did no evidence surface, pointing toward the need for further research? 

Group II: Testimony of Joan’s Friends from Her Nullification Trial

How do firsthand accounts reflect on Joan of Arc’s role in the Hundred Years’ War and her posthumous rehabilitation?

  • What does this excerpt tell us about the events that the speaker witnessed?
  • What does it tell us about Joan’s actions and behavior during these events?
  • What does the testimony tell us about the person giving the evidence?
  • What does the excerpt convey about the speaker’s point of view and motivations? Is this person a supporter or an opponent of Joan?
  • If you did not know which trial this evidence came from, would you think this came from Joan’s trial for heresy or the subsequent nullification trial? Why?
  • What does this excerpt tell us about Joan’s motivations?
  • What can we learn from this excerpt about her goals?
  • What does this testimony tell us about her strengths? Weaknesses?

Explain how you came to your conclusions. You should also think about the following questions while reading these excerpts:

  • What evidence from the excerpts tends to support the thesis that Joan was innocent of heresy?
  • What potential bias in the excerpts should be noted?
  • For which questions did no evidence surface, pointing toward the need for further research?