Examine Lincoln's March 6, 1862 message to Congress and his July 12, 1862 appeal to border-state Congressmen.
- How did Lincoln view the "cause" of emancipation in offering this plan?
- Why might his plan have been rejected by abolitionists?
- Why might it have been rejected by slave-holding interests?
- What might have been the reaction of African Americans?
Examine Lincoln's September 13, 1862 reply to a committee of Chicago religious leaders
- What does this document reveal about Lincoln's views on the relationship between emancipation and the essential principles of American constitutional democracy?
- What can we infer from the document about the views held by those to whom he wrote?
- In his Annual Message to Congress, Lincoln's proposal for emancipation has three elements. What are they? Which ones are absent from the Emancipation Proclamation?
- Why does Lincoln's emancipation proposal in the State of the Union require an amendment to the Constitution?
- How did these official pronouncements of emancipation fit into Lincoln's war plans?
- What do they reveal about his struggle to attract and maintain political support?
- From Lincoln's point of view, how significant was the Emancipation Proclamation in his effort to define and exert his leadership in the crisis of the Civil War?
- How significant has it become in our view of him as a national leader?
- Comment on the various pressures and personal beliefs that influenced Lincoln as he shaped his final policy on emancipation.