Lesson Plans: Grades 9-12
The 1828 Campaign of Andrew Jackson and the Growth of Party Politics (4 Lessons)
Changes in voting qualifications and participation, the election of Andrew Jackson, and the formation of the Democratic Party—due largely to the organizational skills of Martin Van Buren—all contributed to making the election of 1828 and Jackson's presidency a watershed in the evolution of the American political system. The campaign of 1828 was a crucial event in a period that saw the development of a two-party system akin to our modern system, presidential electioneering bearing a closer resemblance to modern political campaigning, and the strengthening of the power of the executive branch.
In this unit, students analyze changes in voter participation and regional power, and review archival campaign documents reflecting the dawn of politics as we know it during the critical years from 1824 to 1832.
- How did changes in the electorate affect the election of 1828?
- How were party politics reflected in the campaign of 1828?
- What was the source of Andrew Jackson's popularity?
- What was the importance of Andrew Jackson's popularity?
- What were the positions of the fledgling Democratic Party and its opposition?
- Give examples to indicate how the franchise was extended in the first half of the 19th century.
- Discuss possible effects of the extension of the franchise on the election of 1828.
- Make a connection between changes in voting participation and the election of 1828.
- Describe regional factors evidenced by the voting results in the election of 1828.
- Analyze campaign materials from 1828.
- Review each lesson plan. Locate and bookmark suggested materials and other useful websites. Download and print out documents you will use and duplicate copies as necessary for student viewing.
- Download the blackline masters for this lesson, available here as a PDF. Print out and make an appropriate number of copies of any handouts you plan to use in class.
- This unit is one of a series of complementary EDSITEment lessons on the early growth of political parties in the United States. Some student knowledge of the events and issues covered in the following complementary lessons is essential to a complete understanding of the presidential election of 1828.
- The Growth of Political Parties covers such issues and events as the negative attitude among the Founders toward political parties, as reflected in Washington's Farewell Address; the differences in philosophy and policy between followers of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison (who favored a less active federal government and eventually formed the Democratic-Republican Party) and the followers of Alexander Hamilton (who espoused a more powerful and active federal government and eventually formed the Federalist Party).
- Certain Crimes Against the United States: The Sedition Act deals with—among other issues and events—foreign affairs during the Federalist presidency of John Adams, and the political differences that contributed to the creation of the Sedition Act, which led, in turn, to the demise of the Federalist Party.
- The Election Is in the House: The Presidential Election of 1824 touches on events in the presidential campaign of 1824, in which every candidate belonged to the Democratic-Republican Party, throwing the election into the House of Representatives, and thus setting the stage for the election of 1828. The lesson also discusses the Electoral College and the procedure to be used when an election is thrown into the House of Representatives.
- The first three lessons in this unit look at different aspects of the changes in the electorate that were occurring in the first half of the 19th century. With that background, students are better prepared to study the election campaign of 1828 in the final lesson. It is also important for students to have some knowledge of the controversial election of 1824. For relatively brief yet comprehensive background on the election of 1824 and the election of 1828 and its aftermath, read the following one-page articles from Digital History, a project of the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, a link from the EDSITEment-reviewed resource History Matters:
If time permits, some students would benefit from the background gained through reading the essays as well.
- Throughout this unit, but especially in the culminating activity for Lesson Four, below, students read and analyze a variety of primary documents. The following materials from EDSITEment-reviewed resources may be useful to teachers seeking expert advice on the use of primary documents:
Did changes in state constitutions tend to affect the voting population? In this lesson, students discuss the general trend in the first half of the 19th century to extend the right to vote to more white males.
Did the increased right to vote translate into an increase in the percentage and totals of white males who actually voted? Students will look for connections between the candidacy of Andrew Jackson and trends in voter participation in the presidential election of 1828.
By 1828, the United States had changed greatly, though it was still a young country. Instead of 13 states, there were 24, and enough territory to make quite a few more. What was the source of Andrew Jackson's popularity?
How were party politics reflected in the campaign of 1828? What were the positions of the fledgling Democratic Party and its opposition?
- Grade Level
- Subject Areas
- History and Social Studies > People > African American
- History and Social Studies > U.S. > AP US History
- History and Social Studies > U.S. > Expansion and Reform (1801-1861)
- History and Social Studies > People > Native American
- History and Social Studies > People > Other
- History and Social Studies > Themes > Politics and Citizenship
- History and Social Studies > Themes > Reform
- History and Social Studies > Themes > U.S. Constitution
- Compare and contrast
- Critical thinking
- Historical analysis
- Making inferences and drawing conclusions
- Using primary sources
- Visual analysis
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