August 31

Theodore Roosevelt gives New Nationalism Speech

August 31, 1912

Emerson delivers “American Scholar” speech

August 31, 1837

Related Student Resources

  • Thoreau's Circle: Who's Who in Transcendentalism
    Student Resource / Art & Culture
    Thoreau's Circle: Who's Who in Transcendentalism

    This resource is intended to assist students in drawing interconnections between members of the small group of American literati that made up Thoreau’s circle based in Concord, Massachusetts, and who spawned the transcendentalist movement.