July 21

The American poet, Hart Crane, is born

July 21, 1899

Ernest Hemingway, American author and journalist, born

July 21, 1899

Related Lessons

  • "Three Shots": Ernest Hemingway's Nick Adams
    Lesson Plan / Literature & Language Arts
    "Three Shots": Ernest Hemingway's Nick Adams

    In this lesson, students study issues related to independence and notions of manliness in Ernest Hemingway’s “Three Shots” as they conduct in-depth literary character analysis, consider the significance of environment to growing up and investigate Hemingway’s Nobel Prize-winning, unique prose style. In addition, they will have the opportunity to write and revise a short story based on their own childhood experiences and together create a short story collection.

Emerson writes letter to Whitman congratulating him on Leaves of Grass

July 21, 1855

Related Lessons

  • Walt Whitman to Langston Hughes: Poems for a Democracy
    Lesson Plan / Art & Culture
    Walt Whitman to Langston Hughes: Poems for a Democracy

    Walt Whitman sought to create a new and distinctly American form of poetry. His efforts had a profound influence on subsequent generations of American poets. In this lesson, students will explore the historical context of Whitman's concept of "democratic poetry" by reading his poetry and prose and by examining daguerreotypes taken circa 1850. Next, students will compare the poetic concepts and techniques behind Whitman's "I Hear America Singing" and Langston Hughes' "Let America Be America Again," and will have an opportunity to apply similar concepts and techniques in creating a poem from their own experience.

  • Walt Whitman's Notebooks and Poetry: the Sweep of the Universe
    Lesson Plan / History & Social Studies
    Walt Whitman's Notebooks and Poetry: the Sweep of the Universe

    Clues to Walt Whitman's effort to create a new and distinctly American form of verse may be found in his Notebooks, now available online from the American Memory Collection. In an entry to be examined in this lesson, Whitman indicated that he wanted his poetry to explore important ideas of a universal scope (as in the European tradition), but in authentic American situations and settings using specific details with direct appeal to the senses.

First Battle of Manassas, or Bull Run, fought

July 21, 1861

Related Lessons

  • Lesson 2: The Battles of the Civil War
    Lesson Plan / History & Social Studies
    Lesson 2: The Battles of the Civil War

    Through the use of maps and original documents, this lesson will focus on the key battles of the Civil War, Gettysburg and Vicksburg and show how the battles contributed to its outcome. It will also examine the "total war" strategy of General Sherman, and the role of naval warfare in bringing about a Union victory.

  • Walt Whitman to Langston Hughes: Poems for a Democracy
    Lesson Plan / Art & Culture
    Walt Whitman to Langston Hughes: Poems for a Democracy

    Walt Whitman sought to create a new and distinctly American form of poetry. His efforts had a profound influence on subsequent generations of American poets. In this lesson, students will explore the historical context of Whitman's concept of "democratic poetry" by reading his poetry and prose and by examining daguerreotypes taken circa 1850. Next, students will compare the poetic concepts and techniques behind Whitman's "I Hear America Singing" and Langston Hughes' "Let America Be America Again," and will have an opportunity to apply similar concepts and techniques in creating a poem from their own experience.