July 4

U.S. Independence Day: Congress approves Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

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Feminist Frances “Fanny” Wright delivers speech about women's rights

July 4, 1828

Nathaniel Hawthorne, American novelist and short story writer, is born

July 4, 1804

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  • Hawthorne: Author and Narrator
    Lesson Plan / Literature & Language Arts
    Hawthorne: Author and Narrator

    Compare the storyteller's voice with that of the writer, who was a contemporary of Whitman and Douglass.

  • Lesson 3: Nathaniel Hawthorne and Literary Humor
    Lesson Plan / Literature & Language Arts
    Lesson 3: Nathaniel Hawthorne and Literary Humor

    Nathaniel Hawthorne' stories are more often associated with dark examinations of complex systems of morality than any sense of conventional comic humor.  And yet Hawthorne's subtle satiric wit oftentimes offered equally piercing insights into the human psyche. n this lesson, students read and examine a humorous story by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and compare it to other American literary humorists.

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Vicksburg, Mississippi falls to Union forces

July 4, 1863

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  • Lesson 2: The Battles of the Civil War
    Lesson Plan / History & Social Studies
    Lesson 2: The Battles of the Civil War

    Through the use of maps and original documents, this lesson will focus on the key battles of the Civil War, Gettysburg and Vicksburg and show how the battles contributed to its outcome. It will also examine the "total war" strategy of General Sherman, and the role of naval warfare in bringing about a Union victory.

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Thoreau moves into cabin at Walden Pond

July 4, 1848

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  • Thoreau's Circle: Who's Who in Transcendentalism
    Student Resource / Art & Culture
    Thoreau's Circle: Who's Who in Transcendentalism

    This resource is intended to assist students in drawing interconnections between members of the small group of American literati that made up Thoreau’s circle based in Concord, Massachusetts, and who spawned the transcendentalist movement.

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