June 13

Thurgood Marshall appointed to Supreme Court

June 13, 1967

W. B. Yeats, Irish poet, is born

June 13, 1865

Related Lessons

China's Boxer Rebellion

June 13, 1900

Related Lessons

  • Lesson 4: Imperialism and the Open Door
    Lesson Plan / History & Social Studies
    Lesson 4: Imperialism and the Open Door

    In 1899 and 1900, Secretary of State John Hay issued what became known as the Open Door Notes to foreign powers involved in China. Secretary Hay called on those powers to respect the rights of each other, to agree to an open market and equal trading opportunities for merchants of all nationalities, and to respect the territorial and administrative integrity of China.