March 19

The Senate fails to ratify the Versailles Treaty, ending World War I and establishing a League of Nations

March 19, 1920

Related Lessons

  • Lesson 4: Fighting for Peace: The Fate of Wilson's Fourteen Points
    Lesson Plan / History & Social Studies
    Lesson 4: Fighting for Peace: The Fate of Wilson's Fourteen Points

    In January 1918, less than one year after the United States entered World War I, President Woodrow Wilson announced his Fourteen Points to try to ensure permanent peace and to make the world safe for democracy. Wilson's aims included freedom of the seas, free trade, and, most important, an international organization dedicated to collective security and the spreading of democracy. Through the use of primary source documents and maps, students examine Wilson's Fourteen Points, as well as his efforts to have them incorporated into the final peace treaties.

  • The Great War: Evaluating the Treaty of Versailles
    Lesson Plan / History & Social Studies
    The Great War: Evaluating the Treaty of Versailles

    Was the Treaty of Versailles, which formally concluded World War I, a legitimate attempt by the victorious powers to prevent further conflict, or did it place an unfair burden on Germany? This lesson helps students respond to the question in an informed manner. Activities involve primary sources, maps, and other supporting documents related to the peace process and its reception by the German public and German politicians.