October 12

Columbus Day

October 12, 1492

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Pledge of Allegiance first recited in many U.S. public schools, marking the 400th anniversary of Columbus’s voyage

October 12, 1892

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Gen. Robert E. Lee dies

October 12, 1870

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  • Lesson 1: On the Eve of War: North vs. South
    Lesson Plan / History & Social Studies
    Lesson 1: On the Eve of War: North vs. South

    This lesson will examine the economic, military and diplomatic strengths and weaknesses of the North and South on the eve of the Civil War. In making these comparisons students will use maps and read original documents to decide which side, if any, had an overall advantage at the start of the war.

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Jefferson writes letter about conflict between head and heart

October 12, 1786

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  • Jefferson vs. Franklin: Renaissance Men
    Lesson Plan / History & Social Studies
    Jefferson vs. Franklin: Renaissance Men

    Students examine primary sources in order to compare the intellectual achievements of Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson. The lesson serves as an introduction to the complementary EDSITEment lesson, Jefferson vs. Franklin: Revolutionary Philosophers.