Examine the historic map by Emanuel Bowen of the British American Plantations below. Look at the Northeast and the area marked Iroquois:
A Map of the British American Plantations, 1754, by Emanuel Bowen
Compare the Bowen 1754 map with a present day map that shows the English colonies in 1750
Familiarize yourself with the role of the British North American colonies in the eighteenth century by reading this passage:
Read Thomas Pownell, British imperial administrator, selection from his 1765 The Administration of the Colonies, pages 35-38. Following the sample annotation, highlight evidence such as phrases, words, and concepts that help to answer the questions below.
Read Benjamin Franklin’s Albany Plan (which was drafted and accepted at the Albany Congress but rejected by colonial assemblies and the British Crown), and excerpts from A Plan for a Colonial Union, Franklin’s 1754 letters to the colonial governor of Massachusetts, written a few months after the Congress and answer the questions below.
Read the speech by Hendrick, a Mohawk Indian leader and diplomat, delivered to the Albany Congress, “You are Like Women, Bare and Open, without any Fortifications." (PDF)
Students in each one of the three groups should read their annotations to the entire class. Then the class as a whole should diagram the three author’s political ideas and visions of the future of the colonies noting where these authors’ idea and visions are similar and where they are different, complimentary or antagonistic.
Construct a chart of the goals of three of the groups of people who occupied and contested the North American continent in the mid-eighteenth century: British colonial officials and interest groups, North American colonists, and Native Americans (sample chart) First, for the colonists and the Native Americans, construct a three-column chart based on the answers.
The entire class should go through the questions above again in a discussion about the British officials and the colonists. Return to the chart.